Origin of the breed
Tuli cattle are descendants of the Sanga cattle brought into Southern Africa by migrating tribes around 2000 years ago. The Tuli originates from the ecotype that adapted by natural selection in the semi arid areas of south western Zimbabwe. As the animals were mainly kept by local tribes for milk production, the Tuli developed as a Sanga with a very functional udder and good fertility. In the 1940’s, Len Harvey began establishing a basic breeding herd of fertile Tswana - type cattle in Zimbabwe.
Local preference for a yellow to red colour made it easier to establish a uniformly coloured breeding herd and, as the animals were predominantly fertile, it was possible to concentrate on traits such as meat production and conformation. Although a Zimbabwean breed by origin, the basic Tswana type of animal was already present in South Africa. Importation of breeding material since the late seventies led to the recognition of the Tuli as a breed in South Africa. The Tuli Cattle Breeders Society of South Africa comprises around 40 members with more than 5000 registered animals.
A medium-framed Sanga breed classified as Bos Taurus. The Tuli is uniform white to red in colour. It has a smooth coat and is predominantly naturally polled. Cows have the typical sloping rump of an easy calving breed and a well-pigmented and functional udder.
- Good fertility and productivity off the veld
- No calving problems ; good mothering ability ; low calf mortality
- Predominantly naturally polled - less hide damage
- Parasite and disease tolerant
- Good foraging ability - suited to extensive ranching in arid areas
- Good mother line for crossbreeding with heavier beef breeds
- Quality meat - “meat from the veld”.
Normal production environment
|Mature weight||750 - 1000 kg||450 - 550 kg|
|Birth weight||35 kg||31 kg|
|Weaning (210 days ) weight||210 kg||185 kg|
Age at first calving: 36 months Average inter-calving period: 407 days
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